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Фразовый глагол – Pick up

Рубрика – Сказ о фразовом глаголе – PICK UP
Уровень: B1+ (Средний)

Pick (собирать, рвать, срывать (цветы, фрукты) + UP (наверх) = ПОДНЯТЬ

Хоть у фразового глагола pick up много значений, но все они очень символичны и легко вычисляются из контекста, и в речь входят тоже без видимых усилий.

Давайте пройдемся по главным значениям этого глагола:

0) основное значение – ПОДБИРАТЬ / ПОДНИМАТЬ / ПОДЦЕПИТЬ
= lift up
Pick up the fallen pages.

Наклониться и поднять руками (в голове чётко представляем картинку, как мы что-то берем в руки и поднимаем). Кстати, поднимать на руки можно тоже через этот глагол.


Основная цель глагола PICK UP выразить действие, где мы что-то

  • подхватываем / цепляем с легкостью (парня/девушку, учим новые слова, перенимаем акцент, болячку, вирус)
  • поднимаем снизу верх и значит происходит улучшение (в экономике, в здоровье)
  • забираем / поднимаем (человека на машине, поднимаем предметы с пола, поднимаем на руки, собираем вещи)

    1) “поднять” / подхватить человека = забрать откуда-то на машине (заезжать, заходить)
    When you pick up someone or something that is waiting to be collected, you go to the place where they are and take them away, often in a car.
    Pick me up at 5 p.m. – Забери меня в 5 часов
    by the way: антоним – drop off


2) “поднять” слова / акцент = научиться чему-то легко и непринужденно, освоить/перенять БЕЗ УСИЛИЙ, сделать своим (начать употреблять в своей речи, а не просто понять, начать использовать)
Основный акцент глагола – освоить новый навык БЕЗ УСИЛИЙ. 
I want to practise English with natives and to pick up new words and accent.
Where did you pick up your English accent?


3) “подобрать” девушку/парня для дальнейшего знакомства и отношений
Всеми нами известные пикап, пикаперство, пикапщик.

завязать; завести знакомство (все-таки pick-up имеет определенный сексуальный оттенок – снять, подцепить и т.д)


4) пойти на поправку / улучшиться / придать сил / идти на лад  (про экономику и торговлю)
= get better / improve
A cup of coffee will pick you up.
The economy has picked up.
Industrial production is beginning to pick up.

5) ответить на звонок (=подобрать трубку)
=answer the phone
I’ve tried her phone but she isn’t picking up


Пример употребления глагола pick up здесь – 


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