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Words confused – part1

  • take-bring-fetch;
  • cry-weep-sob;
  • long-wish-yearn

1. to bring — to take — to fetch

to bring — to come with, to carry or lead. If you bring someone or something with you when you come to a place, you have them with you. If you ask someone to bring you something, you are asking them to carry or move it to the place where you are.
приносить / приводить / привозить = у меня чего-то нет, и я жду, когда мне ПРИнесут 
Please bring your calculator to every lesson.
He would have to bring Judy with him.
Bring me a glass of water, please.

to take — to move or carry sth from one place to another.
If you take someone or something with you when you go to a place you have them with you. If you take them to a place you carry or drive them there.
брать / взять / отводить (детей) / отнести = у меня уже что-то есть, и я сам/а несу куда-то
It’s Richard’s turn to take the children to school.
She gave me some books to take home.

to fetch — to go and get sth from another place and bring back.
If you fetch sth, you go to the place where it is and return with it to the place where you were before.
принести / захватить = я схожу, возьму и вернусь с этим предметом
Let me fetch a chair for you.

2. to cry — to weep — to sob

to cry — to produce tears from the eyes as a sign of sorrow.
The boy fell over and started crying.

to weep (formal) — to cry tears because of sadness or strong emo-tion, usually quietly and for a long time.
плакать / рыдать (навзрыд)
Weeping, the mourners followed the coffin to the churchyard.

to sob — to cry noisily while taking short breaths.
плакать тихонечко / всхлипывать
She couldn’t atop crying and sobbed herself to sleep.

3. to long (for) — to wish — to yearn (for)

to long — to want sth very much, especially when this used to happen or existed in the past.
очень хотеть, страстно желать (чего-л.) , испытывать потребность (в чём-л.) , стремиться (к чему-л.)
He longed for the good old days when teachers were shown respect.
I long for you – ты мне очень нужен.

to wish (formal) — to want strongly to do sth.
желать чего-то сильно
Everyone has the right to smoke if he or she wishes, but not the right to ruin the health of those around them.

to yearn (formal) — to want sth so much that you do not feel happy or complete without it, but you know you are NOT likely to get it.
томиться, тосковать по (кому-л. / чему-л.) ; очень сильно хотеть (чего-л.)

Above all the prisoner yearned for freedom.


A. take — bring — fetch

1. Come to the party and ___ your friend, I’ll be very happy to see you both.
2. Could you please go and ___ a piece of chalk from the teacher’s room?
3. It was my grandmother who ___ me to the theatre for the first time.
4. We are meeting at 8 near the school, don’t forget to ___ your packed lunches with you.
5. It’s not so difficult to teach your dog to ___ sticks.
6. Father came home early and ___ a big beautifully decorated cake.
7. When I go travelling, I always ___ this bag, it’s very convenient.
8. My friend ___ me this magnet as a souvenir from England.
9. In the evening we used to go and ___ milk from the nearby farm.

B. cry — sob — weep

1. I held back tears because I didn’t want my friends to think that I was ___.
2. Brokenhearted she ___ silently at night not to disturb her family.
3. I always feel like ___ when I watch this scene at the end of the film.
4. From behind the door we heard a child ___ loudly in the house.
5. When Joan heard the happy news, she began to ___ tears of joy.
6. We were woken up in the middle of the night by a loud noise: it was little Andy ___ and calling his mother.
7. Please don’t ___, I’ll repair your doll, I promise.
8. She ___ hysterically her whole body shaking.
9. The girl __ quietly trying to hide her hitter tears from her friends.

C. long (for) — yearn (for) — wish

1. Duncan still ___ for his dead wife after all these years.
2. If you ___ really hard, maybe you’ll get what you want.
3, — Where is he now? — I only __ I knew.
4. Max waited for the taxi to come. He ___ desperately to be back at home.
5. They were the words she had secretly ___ to hear. Patricia was happy.
6. Though Beatrice knew she couldn’t have children of her own, she ___ for them.
7. ‘I ___ they could come,’ said Martin.
8. Boris ___ for the winter to be over.
9. Vera knew the family desperately needed her help, she understood she could hardly leave them, but she ___ to go to St. Petersburg to become a movie actress.

Ссылки на видео, объясняющие разницу в некоторых словах этого блока:



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